Dental Implants - What Are They?These are screw-shaped fixtures, typically made of a biocompatible titanium alloy, and are surgically placed in the jaw bone.
Who needs a dental implant?
Dental implants are but one option available to patients that wish to replace one or more of their missing teeth. A thorough examination of the existing bone is conducted to ensure that there is enough bone structure present to retain an implant.
We also ensure that the patient is in good health – conditions such as but not limited to uncontrolled hypertension, poorly managed diabetes, tobacco use and osteoporosis decrease the likelihood of successfully retaining the implant.
Once the decision as been made to proceed, a medical-grade titanium implant fixture is surgically placed into the jawbone which eventually achieves osseointegration. (Osseointegration is defined as a direct structural and functional connection between ordered, living bone and the surface of a load-carrying implant). This allows for a durable and strong anchor for the dental restoration that will be placed on top.
What are dental implants made of?
Dental implants typically have these 3 parts:
- The implant – A screw-like fixture that acts as a root for your new tooth/teeth. This osseointegrates (connects and attaches) to your jaw bone permanently.
- The abutment – A permanent connector that holds and supports a tooth restoration.
- The crown or prosthetic tooth – This is the part of the tooth that is visible. It is usually made of porcelain, zirconia or porcelain fused to a metal substructure which helps to achieve appealing esthetics and durability.
- Dental implants are quickly becoming the preferred way to replace missing teeth. The dentists at Smiles Dental Group are trained and equipped to discuss your teeth replacement needs.
What Is Bone Grafting?
There are different bone grafting procedures available to support implant placement. The most common is the ‘socket preservation bone graft, which occurs after a dentist extracts the tooth. The dentist then places bone grafting material (usually in granular form) in the tooth socket, the collagen barrier is placed on top to prevent gum tissue from growing into the socket. Sutures are placed and then bone generation and healing will take 4 to 6 months, after which the dentist will install an implant.