BMS or Burning Mouth Syndrome is a term used to describe a painful sensation of the lips, tongue or palate. It may also include a feeling of discomfort of the whole mouth. In this condition no oral signs or medical or dental cause can be identified. Some other terms that are used interchangeably for BMS include sore mouth, burning mouth, burning tongue syndrome, sore tongue or burning tongue.
Causes of Burning Mouth Syndrome
In approximately 50% of cases of BMS no particular cause is present, some possible causes include:
- Ill fitting dentures or being allergic to the denture materials
- A reaction to particular type of mouthwashes or toothpastes
- Damage to the nerves controlling pain or taste
- Issues with your immune system
- Depression, anxiety or stress
- Hormone changes
There are a few medical conditions which might cause burning mouth, they are:
- Thyroid problems
- Nutritional deficiencies
- Acid reflux
- Dry mouth
Symptoms of Burning Mouth Syndrome:
The primary sign of BMS is pain in the mouth that is tingling, scalding or burning, or a feeling of numbness. Other symptoms of BMS include altered taste in the mouth or dry mouth.
BMS is a painful condition. Generally, the tongue is affected; however the pain may also be in the roof of the mouth or lips or in complete mouth. The pain can persist for months or even years. Some people also feel constant pain. For some, pain alleviates throughout the day. Some people also experience less pain when drinking or eating.
Diagnosis of BMS:
Your dentist will check your mouth carefully to determine the cause of the problem. The dentist will also review your medical history and have close look in your mouth. A number of tests may be needed. These may include:
- Blood tests to check for some medical problems
- Allergy test
- Imaging test
- Biopsy of tissue
- Salivary flow test
- Oral swab tests
Treatment of BMS:
Your dentist will definitely assist you get relied. Medicine can assist relieve dry mouth and control pain. As it is complicated pain disorder, the treatment that is effective for one person may not be effective for another.
Your dentist can also adjust or replace your dentures or prescribe medication for a fungal infection in your mouth. Two patients suffering from Burning Mouth Syndrome can be prescribed different medication depending on the cause, so just because your friend is finding a drug helpful in relieving pain and discomfort, doesn’t mean you will also benefit from the same.
Visit Smiles Dental Group to know more.