Smiles dental group logo

Dental Crowns

Dental Crowns - What Are They?

Dental crowns are actually caps that are designed to sit on top of damaged, restorable teeth. Crowns will often be used for protection, covering the remains of the tooth, or restoring the shape of the tooth when fillings are not enough.
dental crowns on display

What are dental crowns made of?

Dental crowns can be made out of numerous materials including porcelain, resin, and ceramics. These materials are used for different reasons depending on the tooth they are meant to be used for.

Why would you need a dental crown?

Heavily Restored Tooth

The tooth has had multiple and/or extensively large filling(s) and can risk breaking.

Root Canal Therapy

Teeth that have gone through root canals are at a higher risk of fracture because they can become more brittle over time.

Fractured Tooth

The tooth is already fractured and requires a crown to restore it completely.

Cosmetic Treatment

As part of a ‘Smile Enhancement’ procedure, this is an elective procedure to achieve a cosmetic result.

Occlusal Restoration Or Rehabilitation

Multiple crowns are placed to correct a patient’s bite or to restore their worn-down teeth. This is sometimes done in conjunction with occlusal or TMJ therapy.
dental crown in 3d

What is process of getting dental crowns?

There are four parts to the dental crown procedure:

  • Crown preparation – the general dentist ‘shaves down’ the tooth on all sides by approximately 1 to 1.5mm to accommodate the custom-made crown.
  • Impression – Impression materialare used to make an accurate mold of the tooth being treated as well as surrounding teeth, and the bite. This can also be accomplished digitally using a specialized scanner instead of impression material.
  • Temporary crown fabrication and placement – This step can may be skipped if the crown is made the same day.
  • Cementation of the permanent crown – the permanent crown is cemented in place using a permanent adhesive. The bite is checked and adjusted as needed.

 

Crowns are fabricated using one or more of the following materials – metal alloy (stainless steel), gold alloy, porcelain, porcelain fused to metal, zirconia or porcelain fused to zirconia.

How many dental crowns are there?

There are 5 different types of dental crowns, they are different for a number of reasons, mainly concerning: cosmetic appearance, the function of the tooth, the position of the gums.

Porcelain-fused-to-metal-crowns

Easily the most common material for dental crowns as well as bridges, as the name suggests these appliances are a mixture of porcelain and metal. The crown is created by fusing the two materials together to create a very durable bond on a chemical level. These crowns in particular are excellent for your teeth as they are stronger than regular porcelain and very aesthetic. 

metal & gold Crowns

Metal crowns come in a variety of forms as well as colors. Since they are pure metal or gold, they are very strong and will not wear down your teeth. These crowns will typically consist of metal or gold, however, other metals are used, their major downside is the appearance of the crown. Metal and gold visibly stand out over teeth, so generally, these crowns are used for less visible teeth.

Cosmetic Crowns (ceramic)

Ceramic crowns are made entirely of porcelain. These crowns are typically used for the most visible teeth since they are more likely to match the appearance of your teeth. The front (anterior) teeth will most-likely have porcelain crowns. The front teeth are usually not used for chewing, so the crown will not have to be nearly as durable.

All-Resin Crowns

All-resin crowns do not cost as much as their metal and porcelain counterparts. They are cheaper, but significantly less durable, which makes them prone to shorter lifespans and fractures. Typically, they are used on baby teeth only due to their short-term nature, and lack of durability.

Stainless Steel Crowns (SSCs)

Generally, SSCs are used for preserving severely decayed or damaged baby (primary) teeth.

Why Choose Smiles?

We offer everything you could ever want from a dentist service provider. We have multiple convenient locations with weekday and weekend hours.

Our dental staff will get you booked in at the earliest most convenient time. We'll do everything we can to make your appointment as comfortable as possible. We're even prepared and experienced with booking in children. You can bring the whole family into any of our clinics and get all your dental work done!

We hope to see you soon, we're accepting new patients today!

What We Offer

  • Convenient Locations
  • Evening & Weekend Hours
  • Emergency Services
  • Children's Services
  • Current Technology
  • Comfortable, Relaxed Environment
  • Instant Financing options
  • Direct Billing

More Resources

Want to know more about Dental Crowns? Check out these awesome blogs!

Our Fees Are Always Below The Dental Health Guide!

Smiles Dental Group knows you want great value, that's why we are ALWAYS below the Alberta Dental Fee guide.

Want to find out about our prices?

related Dental Clinic Services

Dental Clinic locations

Read About Our Dentists!

Contact Us

Book Your Appointment
It’s as easy as 123!
Dentistry services
Blog Articles