Table Of Contents
Dental terminology can be pretty confusing, even for lifetime patients. Generally, the only people that are familiar with these terms are the dentists and their staff. If you want to increase your knowledge about dental terms and become more familiar with them, then this blog was made just for you.
We also recommend saving this blog for future use so you can come back to it when you need to.
Air Abrasion or Micro-Abrasion
A bone that surrounds the root of each tooth, if this bone experiences loss, it can be a sign that you may have periodontitis (gum disease).
Baby Bottle Tooth Decay
These teeth are used for chewing, they are the fourth and fifth teeth from the center, to the back of the mouth. They are called “bicuspids” since they only have two points (cusps). An adult will have 8 bicuspids for their permanent set of teeth.
This is the process of gaining greater awareness through your senses.
The bone is broken by the body, a common result of periodontitis (gum disease).
Bruxism (Teeth Grinding)
A mineral used in the formation of healthy teeth, bones, and nerves.
This is the result of plaque hardening on your teeth. Calculus will often show as yellow or brown stains on the teeth.
Sores or ulcers that can occur in the mouth and may cause pain or discomfort while eating or talking. Typically, these last for around a week.
A term often used for “dental crown“.
Are commonly known as “cavities”, this is tooth decay as a result of bacteria buildup.
A layer of tissue that covers the root of the tooth.
A device used to attach a partial denture to teeth.
Involves the inspecting the teeth and the removal of any plaque or tartar on the teeth. Usually, this involves cleaning above the gum line.
Occurs when the upper halves of the lip are physically split or separated.
Composite Resin Filling
Cosmetic (Aesthetic) Dentistry
A restoration process that involves metal, porcelain, or resin materials, mainly used to repair dental decay.
This is an unusual connection between two body parts. This can form under the gum line and is often a result of injury or trauma.
The surgical removal of the tissue at the root of the tooth.
Gingivitis (Gum Disease)
Usually the result of poor lifestyle choices, or oral care. An infection will cause your gums to have, pain, discomfort, bleeding, puffiness, and redness among others. Gingivitis is the beginning stage of gum disease, and it is the only stage in which gum disease is reversible.
A process where the dentist or oral surgeon will reshape the gums to be more appealing, or more effective for the patient.
A alternative material for fillings used to fight tooth decay.
Halitosis (Bad Breath)
Incision And Drainage
The bone that provides structure to the face and anchors the teeth.
Commonly referred to as a “bad bite”. Malocclusion is the technical term for miss-aligned teeth.
The lower jaw.
The upper jaw.
Nerve (Root) Canal
The relationship between the upper and lower bite when the mouth is closed.
A commonly used filling that protects the tooth against decay, often made out of, metal, porcelain, or acrylic.
Oral And Maxillofacial Surgery
Dental procedures in the oral cavity, can include, cysts, tumors, and repair of fractured jaws.
The specialty of dentistry involves administering medication ingested via the mouth.
Someone who specializes in the effects of disease on the oral structures in the mouth.
Someone who specializes in surgical procedures on the oral structures in the mouth.
The material that makes up the tissue of your mouth, there is a hard and soft tissue in a palate.
An X-Ray that shows a complete visual representation of the relationship between the bite in the mouth.
The study of disease.
Pedodontics Or Pediatric Disease
A branch of dentistry that specializes in children.
Porcelain Inlay Or Onlay
Using antiseptics to clean tools and other appliances at the dental clinic.
Radio Wave Therapy
Adjusting the tooth’s minerals into a demineralized (previously decayed) lesion.
Root Canal Therapy
A fluid produced by the oral cavity that aids in digestion and hygiene.
Scaling And Root Planing
A procedure also referred to as a “deep cleaning“, where the plaque is cleaned from below the gum line and the gums are flattened back out onto the teeth.
A family of drugs used to promote calmness and ease anxiety and stress.
The back third of the mouth is compromised of soft tissue.
Plaque will eventually harden into tartar (calculus).
Baby teeth pushing through gums.
Temporomandibular joint (TMJ)
Also referred to as Temporomandibular Disorder (TMD), this term is given to health issues concerning the joint which connects the lower jaw to the skull.
An oral fungal infection caused by Candida.
A process involving a variety of methods, whose goal is to turn the tooth a brighter shade of white.
An ointment that is meant to produce a numbing effect to relieve pain.
Injury caused by an impact from a foreign object.
A thin, custom shell that is used to change the color, shape, or length of the tooth to a more optimal result.
The last set of molars that come in, usually between the ages of 18-25.
High-frequency light (or radiation) that penetrates different substances with different rates and absorption.
Frequently Asked Questions
No! This guide is not homework, it’s only there if you want to know!
You don’t need to know any of them! Our dentists don’t expect you to have a dental degree, that’s their job!