TMJ Disorders Causes, Symptoms, Treatment

TMJ Disorders: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment

Do you have habit of clenching your jaw or grinding your teeth? Do you continuously feel tightness or pain in your jaw, facial muscles or throat? If yes, probably you are suffering from a TMJ disorder.

What is TMJ?

TMJ is an acronym for temporomandibular joint. TMJ is a joint right in front of your ears on both sides of your head. This joint helps us in moving our mouths to speak, yawn and eat. However, there are several things that can damage or irritate this joint and the surrounding tissue and bone, and this very condition is termed as TMJ disorder.

Symptoms of TMJ disorder:

TMJ disorder is responsible for producing pain in the jaw, neck, ears and face. Other Symptoms include grinding or popping in the jaw while chewing, locking of the jaw, swelling on the sides of the face or a feeling that lower and upper teeth no longer fit accurately.

Causes of TMJ disorder?

There are numerous causes for a TMJ disorder, however many common reasons are related to rheumatic diseases or jaw injuries that affect joints like arthritis. Tension in the neck or head are probable factors that contribute to the disorder, as well as habitual tongue thrusting. Other habits that could start a TMJ disorder include jaw clenching, and teeth grinding. Poorly fitting dentures can also cause aggravation in the mouth and jaw, which can lead to disorder.

Treatment of TMJ disorder:

Treatment of TMJ disorder depends on the seriousness of the disorder and the pain you experience. If inflammation is the source of the disorder, your dentist may prescribe a medication to assist the inflammation and pain lessen and to assist relax your jaw. If stress is the source of the issue, an anti-anxiety medication may be prescribed to assist manage the stress responsible for lockjaw.

If the problem is due to constant teeth clenching or teeth grinding you may likely be fitted for a mouth piece. Mouth piece will prevent your lower and upper teeth from getting in contact. Oral issues or missing teeth that can cause an uneven biting surface are also a cause of TMJ disorder. For such situation, having dental work done is the best option.

Other treatment options can include visiting an oral surgeon. Oral surgeons specialize in surgery of jaw and face and can assist to correct any misalignment or other issues that may be causing the TMJ disorder.

Like always, if you have any concerns or questions, you can feel free to reach out to us.

wisdom tooth

Explaining wisdom tooth extraction

Wisdom tooth:

Wisdom teeth are the final and third set of molars that grow at the back of your gums. Some people have four wisdom teeth, one in each corner; however there are chances of having more or lesser. They are the last teeth to grow- typically between the ages of 16 and 25. By this time, all other teeth are already grown in place, therefore giving very limited space for a wisdom tooth to grow properly. Due to lack of space, they either emerge partially or are misaligned (in most of the cases). This condition can damage or crowd the jawbone, adjacent teeth and nerves. Therefore, it is suggested to extract the wisdom tooth before it is too late.

Wisdom tooth pain:

Wisdom tooth pain is extremely popular amongst almost everyone, but for some the pain becomes so unbearable that the tooth extraction is required. Tooth extraction assists in relieving the pain of patient. A facial surgeon or oral surgeon can extract the painful or impacted wisdom tooth or teeth. If you are thinking getting all of your wisdom teeth removed at once then you may increase the risk of further complications. In most of the cases, oral surgeon suggests the use of IV Sedation to ease the amount of stress on the patient at the time of the procedure.

Wisdom tooth extraction procedure:

What you eat or drink on the night before the tooth extraction is really important. This can prepare you in case the sedation used is one that can cause vomiting and nausea. If IV sedation is not being used before starting the extraction the dentist will apply a local anesthetic directly on the area around the tooth that is to be extracted. Moreover, if you are getting more than one tooth extracted then it is likely that dentist will use general anesthetic. This type of anesthesia will allow the patient to sleep during the procedure without experiencing any pain or discomfort.

In order to remove the wisdom teeth, the dentist has to open the tissue around the gum and remove any bone that may be covering the tooth. In some cases, dentist mat also break the tooth into small pieces to make the extraction easier.

Once the tooth is extracted it is possible that stitch or a few stitches may be required. Frequently, dissolvable types of stitches are used for a tooth extraction making removal going forward unnecessary.

After wisdom tooth extraction:

Usually the discomfort and pain of this extraction only last for 2-3 days. The dentist will prescribe pain medication as well as antibiotics for the patient to take during the recovery period. One should avoid smoking during the recovery period. Also, it is important to avoid sucking on straws, as it can dislodge the main clot that has formed over the extracted tooth’s area.

By getting your wisdom teeth extracted you can easily get rid of the pain and discomfort. Contact Smiles Dental Group to schedule an appointme

teeth whitening myths

Top 4 Teeth Whitening Myths Busted

Teeth whitening is a popular cosmetic dentistry procedure used to whiten or lighten the shade of the teeth. Every year thousands of people choose to get their teeth whitened. However, even today when teeth whitening procedures have become so popular, a lot of individuals doubt their effectiveness. But not everything you hear about teeth whitening is a fact, here we are busting top 5 teeth whitening myths.

Myth 1: Teeth whitening wrecks enamel of your tooth

Not really true. Teeth whitening products used by professionals mostly have Hydrogen Peroxide or Carbamide Peroxide as the key ingredients. Hydrogen Peroxide is a bleaching agent which on chemical reaction converts into water and releases an Oxygen molecule. It goes without saying that both oxygen and water are safe and essential components of our everyday lives. The oxygen particles penetrate the rough surface of your tooth and remove staining particles. The bleach hydrogen peroxide is not same as the bleach you use in your home that contains ammonia or other poor quality acid based tooth whitening products. In fact, our own body produces Hydrogen Peroxide naturally.

Myth 2: Teeth whitening is not safe

Not true. Cosmetic teeth whitening with Hydrogen Peroxide has been around for almost 100 years. Most reputed dentists all across the globe support tooth bleaching as a generally safe technique, when done correctly. Usually, professional suppliers of teeth whitening products give enough instructions for the safe use of the product. Risk and safety of tooth whitening is usually dependent on 2 key issues: contact of the gel to soft tissues of the lips or gums and tooth sensitivity. These risks can be minimized by using professional products. Moreover, the side effects experienced by professional teeth whitening are temporary.

Myth 3: All whitening gels are same

Not true. The two main professional gel options are Hydrogen Peroxide and Carbamide Peroxide. Carbamide Peroxide is comparatively slower and is recommended for overnight use or for use only with an Accelerator Light. There is a huge range in strength of whitening gels. The dentists use strongest whitening gels. The comparatively lesser stronger whitening gels are given to patients by the dentists to be used at home. The weakest gels are purchased over-the-counter.

Myth 4: Teeth whitening accelerator lights don’t work

Not always true. A number of studies show that the use of a professional accelerator light does accelerate the oxidation of teeth whitening gel. This is particularly true with Carbamide Peroxide based teeth whitening gels. However, not all accelerator lights are the same. Some dentists still use older technology lights. Some dentists use mini LED lights that are only toys and don’t have sufficient power to give any significant results.

Tooth Replacement Options - Dental Implants

Tooth Replacement Options

Many of the adults have lost one or more teeth or might have teeth that are not according to the way they like it to be. Badly formed or missing teeth can make your chewing process difficult, can put a dent on your self confidence and can even impact the way you speak. Dr. Clark, St Albert dentist directory, states it is always advisable to go for tooth replacement options rather than facing such situations. The advancement in the dental science over the last decade gives you lo many options to choose from to have the kind of teeth you desire. Here are you options.

  1. Dental Implants

Dental implants are the most preferred choices when it comes to corrective teeth. Putting a dental implant requires a surgery that involves putting a replacement tooth, called a crown in the place of the original tooth. It gives you the exact appearance of the natural teeth and makes the whole tooth replacement procedure more secure. The sedation dentistry this implants as they do not affect the adjacent teeth in the mouth. They are more secure than the removal dentures.

  1. Dental Bridges

A dental bridge is used to fix a partial denture. They get their name because they are use to bridge the gap between the missing tooth and the teeth surrounding it. The dentist will bond the teeth with the rest using a proper fixture. They are also the most preferred option in the dental replacement along with putting the crown. Many of the Edmonton dentist open Sunday so you can also get the replacement done on the day.

The bridges have the following choices:

  • Removable bridges

As the name suggests they can be removed for cleaning and you can put them back again.

  • Implant Bridges

Implant bridges are attached to the dental implants and can be made up of gold, alloys or porcelain. They are used to fill up the gap and maintain the shape of your face and aid in chewing of the food. Due to the right implant, they also make your smile look better and add up in your confidence.

  1. Dental Dentures

This option is for people who have lost all or most of their teeth. The dentures are artificial teeth that are made according to the shape of your mouth to give you the set of teeth. The dentures are mainly of two types:

  • Complete Dentures

Complete dentures are used when you have no teeth in your mouth. They are used to cover the upper and lower of your gums. If you have got your teeth removed for the fitment of dentures, then the dentist will give you a denture to wear for few weeks until your gums get healed.

  • Over Dentures

These dentures are used as a part of the teeth. They are implanted to cover the area in mouth that has no teeth. They are used to provide the additional support to the rest of the teeth.

Dental Braces for Adults

Dental Braces for Adults

Like children, adults may also require the use of dental braces. It can be use to correct many dental problems like crooked and overcrowded teeth, bite abnormalities that cause over bite and under-bite, problems with the jaw positions that are not correct and general jaw problems. According to Dr. Clark, pediatric dentist Sherwood park, the adults need to take care of their oral health to ensure that they are not facing any such serious gum or teeth issues. Many people shy away from the braces because they don’t want to have mouth full of metal supporters. Fortunately, they have option of braces that are almost unnoticeable. Here are the kinds of braces that you can get.

  1. Metal braces

The conventional braces made of metal are the most used form of braces. They are attached to your teeth using metal brackets and wires. They were used from ages to correct the positioning of the teeth working on the principle of applying pressure to get back the teeth into the right position. They are the most conventional form of braces and are the cheapest ones. But due to their looks, they are not preferred by adults since they are quite noticeable.

  1. Ceramic braces

Ceramic braces are like metal braces. The only difference being their brackets are made up of ceramic, which is a tooth colored porcelain that gels with the overall look of the teeth. They are less noticeable than the metal braces, although they use the similar metal wires to keep the brackets into place.

  1. Lingual braces

These braces are different from both metal and ceramic braces as they’re attached to the back of the teeth. They are not seen from the front but they can be irritating as they are always in contact with the tongue. According to the pediatric dentist requirements, they can be bit of a trouble to adjust.

  1. Acrylic aligners

The acrylic aligners are custom made according to your teeth. The biggest advantage of these clear acrylic aligners is that they can be removed before having the meal. Thus they can be cleaned more easily. After about two weeks of application, they are changed to the new ones according to the correction of your teeth. This is the most expensive option of the lot and it also takes up more time to correct the teeth. The cost of the acrylic aligners may go up to $5000-$6000 depending upon the severity of your problem. Your medical insurance may cover them so ensure that you have a plan that may offset the cost of the aligner.

After getting your teeth aligned and corrected you may need to wear a device that is used to keep your teeth in their new position for some period of time. The device is called retainer and most of the dentist Edmonton recommend the use of it after the braces. Wearing of the retainer is advisable for the success of the new position of your teeth.

Dentist Edmonton - Dental Checkup

Dental Checkup: Right Diagnosis of Your Teeth

For a good oral care, you need to get your teeth and gums checked at regular time durations. This ensures not only the good health of your mouth, but it also saves you from the diseases that you might neglect by not getting the teeth checked. The dental clinics in Edmonton have always recommended brushing teeth twice a day followed by flossing for the best oral care. However, people fail to follow these simple and easy rules and then complain about the teeth problems. According to Dr. Smith of Spruce Grove dental clinic, getting a dental checkup once in every six month is very important, but few of the dentists might call you more frequently, depending upon the condition of your gums and teeth. So what does a regular dental checkup consists of.

  1. Polishing and cleaning

The dentists use special instruments for cleaning of your teeth. Cleaning removes all the plaque and tartar that gets deposited over the teeth in the course of time, rendering them clean, white and stain free look. After cleaning the teeth, the polishing is followed that is done by using a rotating rubber brush or cup that gives the teeth smooth finish.

  1. Proper guidance

After cleaning and polishing of the teeth, the dentist guides you how to maintain the shine and take care of the teeth for the longer time. The teeth whitening can last long if the teeth are given proper care. This can be done by brushing the teeth twice a day followed by flossing.

  1. Teeth and gums examination

Your dentist will always examine your teeth throughout every time you are going to visit him for a checkup. If there are any signs of problems than it can be caught in the examination. Using the right tools, the dentist look for any signs of cavaties, and looks at the back of the mouth using the dentist mirror. If you have minor teeth problems than it can be cured at the dentist but if the examination results in major problems, then the dentist might recommend you to orthodontist or Periodontist.

  1. X-Ray Examination

If you have a pain in the gums or teeth, the dentist might take an x-ray of your mouth. The x-ray lets the dentist have a closer look at the other dental problems like decay, gum disease and the root of the teeth. If you have a sustained gum condition for a very long period of time, then you have to go through a through checkup of your mouth that includes examination of your teeth and gums in a comprehensive way. During the checkup, the dentist may check the following:

  • Comprehensive examination of mouth, teeth, gums and neck.
  • Looking at your medical history and going through your past dental records.
  • Taking series of detailed x-rays to make sure of your dental condition.
Tooth Problems

Some of the Common Tooth Problems

If you have a healthy mouth, a healthy body will follow. If you ignore your tooth and gum health, then it will results in many problems. An ignored mouth can result in severe conditions like heart diseases and stroke. According to Dr. Clark, dentist in Edmonton southside, some simple strategies can work a lot in improving the health of the teeth and gums an can help you avoid gum diseases like gingivitis, periodontitis, cavities and some normal tooth problems like tartar, bad breath etc. There are many dental clinic facilities that guide you for the betterment of the teeth care.

  • How to prevent Gum diseases

According to Dr. Ross, dentist in St Albert, more than 30% of the people are suffering from one or the other dental problems but they don’t know anything about it. If you maintain a good oral care, that’s the first basic step in avoiding many gum diseases. Brushing your teeth twice daily followed by flossing is the best way to have a healthy oral care. You can also use mouthwash between the meals for the added benefit. Apart form all this you have to maintain proper eating habits and have to avoid too much of sugar intake and smoking. People who are chain smokers and who have diabetes have more chances to get oral problems than the people who don’t. The dentists in Sherwood park recommends getting your teeth checked once in every 4 months.

  • Avoiding cavities

Teeth and gum diseases can be quite painful if the oral health is neglected over time. According to Dr. Clark of dental clinic in Edmonton, practicing for more than 25 years and having immense experience in the field of dental science, most of the people ignore the positives of a good oral care and tend to act careless. This results in various diseases starting with the cavities. Many people who are in a habit of consuming too much sugar and sodas should avoid them as it contains enamel harming substances. Apart from this, the regular smokers are also in the risk of getting their teeth discolored. Smoking for longer duration of time may result in cavities. The smoke of the cigarette dries away the saliva that you have in the mouth which is required to wash away the bacteria in them mouth.

  • Avoiding pains

Many adults face some oral pain. It may be in the form of tooth pain, pain in the gums, pain in the jaw, facial pain, headache and pain in the neck. The dental clinic facilities states that the reason behind all this is ignored oral care. To avoid certain pain, you need to take care of the teeth and gums and visit your dentist in case of any pain and bleeding in the gums. There are many good dental clinic in Edmonton that might be able to guide you towards the best oral care.