Facts About temporomandibular Disorder (TMD)

Excerpt: More than 15 percent of the adult population in Edmonton suffers from facial pain, jaw pain, or some or other dental illness...

Is Temporomandibular Disorder Common?

More than 15 percent of the adult population in Edmonton suffers from facial pain, jaw pain, or some or other dental illness that they are not aware of completely. If the dental pain is not taken care of in a timely manner, then it may result in headaches and earaches too. These pains can be related to temporomandibular disorder (TMD). The TM joints are located at either side of the head and they work together to help the jaw move for various purposes like speaking and eating.

What Is TMD?

TMD stands for Temporomandibular Disorder which is a condition that affects the joints at the head. This may cause trouble in eating or even speaking as you may find it hard to move your jawline. People who have TMD may get these symptoms:

  • Pain in the ear.
  • Headaches, earache and neck pains.
  • Difficulty in moving the jaw and pain in the jaw muscles.
  • Early morning jaw tenderness.
  • Difficulty in chewing, biting, or yawning.
  • Difficulty and pain in opening and closing of the mouth.
  • Popping noises of the bones while opening the mouth.
  • Sensitivity in the teeth.

What Causes TMD?

  • Arthritis.
  • Improper teeth alignment that causes the wrong bite.
  • Injury in the jaw or dislocation.

What Are Some Treatment Options For TMD?

Before you take any further steps for the treatment of TMD, the diagnosis at the right time is a crucial step. The exact causes and the symptoms of the TMD are not clear; the diagnosis for the same might be confusing. At present there are no tests that can accurately identify TMD.

Other dental conditions always show you some or other symptoms like bleeding, swelling in the gums etc. that make you aware of the problem. But the scientists are exploring the options that will help the dentists to predict the right TMD causes. Currently, the dentists use the x-rays to see the condition of your jaw and whether it is aligned or not. The dentists may also review the complete medical history along with the dental procedures that you have taken in the past. The dentist may suggest you to go to the facial pain experts who may help you in relieving the pain that you are experiencing in the jaw. If the pain still persists, then you can consult your physician. They can help you in:

Easing The Pain

This means they will give you certain medicines to ease off the pain that you are experiencing while chewing or speaking. The medicines can be ibuprofen or aspirin. You can also apply some moist heat to the affected area.

Relaxation Techniques

Relaxation training techniques will help you manage the pain and stress that you are experiencing. You can put the night guard before sleeping to avoid the teeth from grinding.

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