Toothpaste has been the base of the most simple of daily oral health routines that we have been using from decades. But, how many of you actually know that what all goes into the paste that we take on our toothbrushes and scrub all over our teeth every morning and night. You will be delighted to know that we have come a long way since the use of oyster shells, crushed bones and ashes.
Toothpastes are pastes, powders or gels that assist remove plaque and strengthen tooth enamel. So, what are all those ingredients listed on the tube of your toothpaste? Here we are listing some of the common ingredients of toothpaste that are important for not only assisting to prevent dental diseases but also for giving the toothpaste its looks, feel and taste in the mouth.
- Fluoride is the main important ingredient in toothpaste that has been confirmed in various clinical tests to prevent tooth decay. Fluoride affects the decay causing bacteria, but its main action is to incorporate into the structure of the tooth, making it more resistant to acid attack by harmful bacteria.
- Mild abrasives remove stains and food debris, as well as the plaque that always builds up on your teeth. The aim is to make them abrasive enough for effective cleaning, but not so abrasive as to harm the enamel or dentin. Common abrasives you may see on your tube are as follows: silicates, phosphate salts, magnesium carbonate, hydrated aluminum oxides, dehydrated silica gels, sodium bicarbonate and calcium carbonate.
- Humectants are organic compounds that hold water and assist the toothpaste in maintaining its moisture even when it gets exposed to air. Examples include glycol, propylene and glycerol.
- Thickeners or binders assist keep the whole mix together in a nice gel or paste and stabilize this form. They give the texture and flow to get the paste onto the brush and keep it there. This includes seaweed colloids etc.
- Sweetening agents, color and flavor make brushing fun by giving fresher breath, pleasing taste and visual appeal. Common flavorings include peppermint and spearmint. For a sweet taste, artificial sweeteners like saccharin are added. Natural sweeteners like xylitol are added as they don’t promote tooth decay.
- Antibacterial agents are added to decrease plaque growth. Some anti-plaque agents include cetylpyridinum chloride and triclosan.
- Preservatives prevent the growth of germs in the toothpaste. Sodium benzoate and Methyl paraben are used commonly.
- Tartar preventers, desensitizers and whiteners are other agents used in toothpaste that make specific claims for tartar buildup, desensitizing sensitive root surfaces and whitening.
For oral health issues, contact Smiles Dental Group, we are the best dentists in Edmonton.